Learn more about the anatomy of the eye and the different eye conditions that can cause visual impairment and blindness.
Anatomy of the Eye
The human eye is the organ of sight. The eyeball is an amazing structure. It is the organ that gives us the sense of light, allowing us to observe and learn about our surroundings.
Refractive error means that the shape of your eye does not bend light correctly, resulting in a blurred image.
Diabetic retinopathy is a disorder of major public health importance, and one of the major causes of visual loss, which cannot be corrected with glasses.
AMD is a common retinal condition that affects people over the age of 50. In the US, this disease is the leading cause of vision loss in older adults.
Cataract – A cloudiness of the crystalline lens that may prevent a clear image from forming on the retina.
Retinopathy Of Prematurity
Retinopathy Of Prematurity or ROP–Occurs when a baby is born too early, for example at 24 weeks instead of its usual 40 weeks, the retina does not have time to develop and they are at risk for ROP.
Glaucoma is a condition that causes damage to your eye’s optic nerve and gets worse over time. It’s often associated with a buildup of pressure inside the eye.
Trachoma is a bacterial infection that affects your eyes. The bacterium that causes trachoma spreads through direct contact with the eyes, eyelids, and nose or throat secretions of infected people.
Onchocerciasis River Blindness
River blindness is an eye and skin disease caused by a tiny worm called onchocerca volvulus, which is spread by the bite of an infected blackfly.